Ginger is mainly cultivated in tropical regions. Its plants are grown in the form of tubers. Ginger is used primarily as a spice in food. Besides, it is mainly used for making tea, making pickles and adding aroma to many dishes. Dry ginger is also used in the form of dry ginger. Apart from this, it is also considered beneficial for many diseases like stones, cough, cold, jaundice and many stomach infections.
Soil, Climate and Temperature
The cultivation of ginger requires proper fossil and organic matter-rich soil. In addition, the land should be drained. P.H. of land for cultivation of ginger. The value should be around 6. A tropical and temperate climate is required for the ginger crop. The summer season is more suitable for the production of ginger because its tubers develop well in the summer. Its harvest should be done at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level. Ginger plants require a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees to germinate, and 30 to 35 degrees of temperature is required during the ripening of the tubers. Moreover, the Mahindra 575 tractor model is best suited for all agricultural tasks, and it comes with an economical price range.
Field Preparation and Fertiliser
The field should be adequately prepared before planting tubers in the ginger field. For this, deep ploughing of the area should be done. After ploughing, leave the field open for some time so that the field’s soil will get sunlight. Then this, water should be left in the area. After applying water, when the ground of the field starts appearing dry from above, it is ploughed using a rotavator. It will make the soil of the area friable. Then the soil becomes friable, level the field by pressing it, which will give good drainage.
Since ginger plants are transplanted in the form of tubers, the field requires proper fertilisers. To fertilise the area’s soil in sufficient quantity, the ground of the field should be tested so that the amount of fertilizer can be given from it according to the earth of the area. First, 10 to 15 carts of old cow dung manure should be provided per hectare when ploughing the field.
Ginger seeds are transplanted in the form of tubers. The med is prepared in the field before transplanting the tubers. While designing the bunds in the area, a distance of one to one and a half feet must be kept between each weed, and the seeds are planted at a distance of 15 cm and a depth of 5 cm. Ginger plants need more sunlight, so they should not be cultivated in shady places. For better plantation,
In the northern part of India, the month of April is considered suitable for planting ginger seeds, while in North India, its origins are produced in May. Apart from this, it can also be grown in May and June.
The ginger crop does not require much irrigation, but its initial irrigation should be done within 30 days of seed sowing. After this, the plants should be watered for 15 to 20 days. Irrigation should be done only when needed during the rainy season.
Ginger plants absorb nutrients by staying on the surface of the soil. Therefore, its plants require more weed control. The natural method of weeding – hoeing is used for weed control in the field. The first hoeing of the ginger field should be done one month after sowing seeds. Ginger seeds are not planted deeply, so weeds should not be planted too deeply. It requires 3 to 4 hoeing in this field. After the first hoeing, the rest of the hoeing must be done within 25 days.
Yield & Harvesting
It takes 8 months for ginger plants to mature. Ginger should be excavated when the leaves of the plant appear yellow. After this, put the tubers in water, wash them well, and remove the peels. These tubers are dried thoroughly in the sun. After drying correctly in the sun, they should be stored and sent to sell in the market.